The avalanche of transportation alternatives in recent years seems to be overwhelming the idea that own car is synonymous with freedom. While many people take advantage of car, bicycle and scooter sharing services while thinking whether it is still worthwhile to keep a car in the garage, some of the young people are already sure that they are not. Not only do they not think about buying a car, they don’t even want to drive. The number of National Driving License (CNH) issues for those aged 18 to 21 fell 20.6% in three years, according to data from the National Traffic Department (Denatran).
The total went from 1.2 million in 2014 to 939 thousand in 2017. There was also a drop in other age groups, which reduced the total emissions from 3 million to 2.1 million in the same period.
The change in habit is also driven by economic issues. An unprecedented study by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) points out that, for consumers who travel between 7,000 km and 8,000 km per year – a slice that represents about 25% of people who have a car -, it is more worthwhile to use a shared vehicle in their displacements.
“The worst use of the car is little use, since it is an expensive asset, which depreciates quickly and with a series of fixed costs that do not depend on how much you use,” says Régis Nieto, BCG partner and one of the project leaders focused on mobility and the automotive industry in Brazil. The executive points out that this conclusion is based only on an economic analysis and does not take into account other factors. “It is important to remember that giving up the car brings efficiency, but there are losses in specific situations, such as when going out with your girlfriend, traveling or walking with young children who need a car seat,” he says. On May 30, he participates in the Urban Mobility Summit, held by the State.
Another important point that the research identified is related to security. For 16% of respondents, getting into the car of someone they don’t know is a cause for discomfort. A 13% share is upset by the lack of privacy that the presence of an application driver represents.
The inconstancy of waiting time and the need to transport equipment such as baby strollers and children’s seats themselves were also mentioned as an obstacle to full adhesion to the shared car. “You will justify the use of the car with other factors related to comfort and convenience, but economically, even if the parking space is very cheap, it does not pay”.
In the region of Avenida Faria Lima, the car itself competes not only with services by application, but also with scooters and bicycles. “At the current price, the scooter is not a mobility solution. It is more uncomfortable and more expensive than the shared race between multiple users per application ”, says Nieto.
The bicycle has advantages: more affordable price and the possibility of taking advantage of the commute to do physical activity. But the aggressiveness of traffic and the size of the city make it difficult to increase adherence.